The Pagan Islamic calendar

Crescent by Deepak Sarda

How to measure time according to the Quran

They ask you, [O Muhammad], about the new moons. Say, “They are measurements of time for the people and for Hajj.”… (2:189)

Emphasis on a strict 12 month lunar calendar

Verily the transposing (of a prohibited month) is an addition to Unbelief: the Unbelievers are led to wrong thereby: for they make it lawful one year, and forbidden another year, in order to adjust the number of months forbidden by Allah and make such forbidden ones lawful. The evil of their course seems pleasing to them. But Allah guideth not those who reject Faith. (9:37)

Time has completed a cycle and assumed the form of the day when Allah created the heavens and the earth. The year contains twelve months of which four are sacred, three of them consecutive, viz. Dhul-Qa’dah, Dhul-Hijjah and Muharram and also Rajab of Mudar which comes between Jumadah and Sha’ban. (Abu Dawud 1947)

This hardly seems important enough to mention in a final sermon, especially over other more important things like “Make sure you seek consent before sex. Do not rape women”.

Intercalation and leap years

“In order to harmonize the lunar with the solar year so that the Haj should always fall in the same season and they should be saved from the bother and inconvenience that are experienced by its observance according to the lunar year.” (Tafsir of 9.37 by Syed Abul Ala Mawdudi)

During the Mughal rule, land taxes were collected from Bengali people according to the Islamic Hijri calendar. This calendar was a lunar calendar, and its new year did not coincide with the solar agricultural cycles. According to some sources, the current Bengali calendar owes its origin in Bengal to the rule of Mughal Emperor Akbar who adopted it to time the tax year to the harvest. (Bengali Calendars on Wikipedia)

Allah is the creator?

In conclusion

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